In the past few years, Germany has invested heavily in renewable energy sources, including wind, solar, hydroelectric, and geothermal. It’s the sixth-largest consumer of energy in the world. In addition, its size, location, and economic power give it considerable influence over the European’s union energy sector.
Germany has the largest Photovoltaic systems capacity worldwide in 2014 at 49GW. The country has been termed as the one of world’s first major renewable energy economies. Germany also appears to be the world’s third country in terms of installed wind power. If you are in Germany and want a reputable company to install energy in your home, you can use the review site reviewsbird.de to find one. You can also try out Naturstrom. This article points out the various types of energy used in Germany.
Biomass is majorly used to produce biogas and biofuels. The key provider of biomass in Germany is agriculture.
Photovoltaic solar power
Photovoltaic solar technology generates electricity from the sun and is used both on-grid and off-grid. Germany is among the world’s top PV installers, with the total installed capacity amounting to 41.3 GW as of the end of 2016.
The country’s largest solar farms are located in Meuro, Neuhardenberg, and Templin, with over 100MW capacities. The primary goal of Germany has been to increase the country’s contribution in overall electricity consumption continuously by use of renewable solar energy.
Germany also exports surplus solar energy to its neighbouring countries. The country has had the biggest market for solar PV over the past several years.
As of 2011, Germany’s Federal government has been working on increasing the commercialization of renewable energy in the country, focusing on offshore wind farms. However, the major challenge has been the lack of a proper and sufficient network to transmit the generated power to large industrial consumers who are primarily located in the southern parts of Germany. But even with some challenges, the company still largely consumes wind power.
The hydropower capacity in Germany is potentially growing, and its installed capacity as of 2016 was around 12000MW. The country’s hydro plants generate a reasonable amount of power that covers up to 3% of the country’s electricity generation. The country is repowering its existing hydroelectric plants, and thus the energy generated from hydropower is set to increase.
In 2004, less than 0.4% of Germany’s total energy supply was from geothermal sources. However, the country has worked on its laws and has had a number of renewable energy laws that introduced a new tariff scheme for electricity produced from geothermal sources. This has seen new geothermal power plants being set up.
Coal happens to be Germany’s most abundant indigenous energy resource. However, after the closure of two hard coal mines in 2018, coal production in Germany has declined by 29%. But it is still embraced in a considerable amount in the country. However, Germany’s Federal Agency announced plans to end coal power generation by 2038. Coal as a source of energy in Germany is thus set to decrease drastically.
Germany imports petroleum and other liquids through pipelines and the country’s port. Petroleum happens to be Germany’s main energy source and accounts for 35% of the country’s total primary energy consumption.
Germany’s transportation sector accounts for the largest share of petroleum products. The German government has adopted the climate Action Program to provide the heating and transport sectors with a tax break and with incentives for more energy-efficient renovations. This move may see a decline in the use of petroleum-based energy, which is seen as a pollutant.
An overview of German electricity prices
In 2020, electricity prices in Germany for residential clients stood as 31.47 Euro cents per kWh. On the other hand, non-residential clients were charged €21.8 inclusive of tax. Across sectors, Germans small businesses and households pay some of the highest rates on the entire continent. A significant part of the countries power price components is determined by the government. The government levies, surcharges, and taxes and have over the past decades, undergone a drastic rise.
An overview of electricity prices in Germany
Statistics indicate that by 2008, Germany’s amount of power per person averaged at EU-15: 7,409 kWh/person. By 2016 the country had widely adopted renewable energy, which accounted for 87.6% of the country’s electricity consumption.
An overview of Germans electricity trade
Germany is known to be the biggest electricity exporter in the region. Its ability to export is made possible by the fact it has a highly interconnected grid with the countries it neighbours.
In conclusion, with this article, the reader is able to understand the type of energy mostly used in Germany. One also gets a general overview of the country’s energy sector.